The Sacred House (Ka'bah) has been subject to some of history's greatest and most remarkable events and chapters, among which were some of the most terrific and somber episodes throughout the entire catalogue of Islamic History.
In more recent times (1979) the entire world witnessed the hijacking of the Sacred Mosque by a group of pseudo-messianic zealots, resulting in the bloody massacre of pilgrims, inside the sanctuary. However, there have been more tremendous assaults on the sacred mosque in the distant past.
The Qarāmiṭah were an Ismāʿīliyyah sect under the leadership of a certain Abu Tahir al-Jannabi who centred his operations from Bahrain and commanded his troops to march onto Makkah, desecrating it in the sacred month of Dhul Hijjah (c. 930 CE).
The Qarāmiṭah were active in Iraq, Yemen, Bahrain and Iran for almost two centuries, from 894 to 1078. They were a terrifying and destructive force to be reckoned with, within the realms of the Muslim world. Terrorising various regions and populations throughout the Middle East, culminating in the terrific Makkan campaign.
The Qarāmiṭah were considered heretics by both Sunni and Shi'a communities, because of their heterodox beliefs (they are also known as the 'Batiniyah'). Unsurprisingly, they rejected the legitimacy of the Abbasid and Fatimid Caliphates, standing as bitter adversaries of both empires. Although their actions inside Makkah were dreadful and yet to be surpassed, surprisingly - their mention has not lasted the test of time as very little attention is paid to their history.
Mention of the Qarmatians is largely restricted to the margins of historical analysis, often only made mention of passingly while talking of the Fatimids and the Abassid decline.
The Qarāmiṭah are most infamous for having ransacked the Sacred Mosque in Makkah and stealing the Hajar al-Aswad (Black Stone), which they took back to their territory where it was kept for several years before being returned.
The Qarmatians were eventually crushed by a joint Arab-Seljuk army in the year 1067. Following their annihilation, a new group emerged and would go on to terrorise the Muslim world, they were known as The Order of the Assassins, this new crop of super villains would continue to wreak havoc within the Muslim realms for another two centuries before finally being crushed by Hulagu Khan following the sack of Baghdad in 1258.